The periodontium is what surrounds the teeth. The teeth are supported by the alveolar bone to which fibres (the periodontal ligament) are attached. The bone is covered by a pinkish mucosa called the gums.
Periodontitis is an infectious and inflammatory disease of the tissues supporting the teeth. The mouth is home to a great variety of bacteria, often beneficial. With adequate oral hygiene and good oral health, the immune system maintains periodontal balance and health. If am imbalance arises between the bacteria and immune factors, the gums will become inflamed and will detach from the teeth. t.
The crevasses in the gums will deepen and the underlying pockets will promote harmful bacteria with the accumulation of tartar under and on the gums. This inflammation provokes the destruction of the support tissues and ultimately the loss of teeth.